Search this journal:     Advanced search
Original Research

Erectile function in circumcised and uncircumcised men in Lusaka, Zambia: A cross-sectional study

Evans Chinkoyo, Michael Pather

African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine; Vol 7, No 1 (2015), 7 pages. doi: 10.4102/phcfm.v7i1.766

Submitted: 27 August 2014
Published:  26 June 2015


Background: Evidence from three randomised control trials in South Africa, Uganda and Kenya showing that male circumcision can reduce heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection from infected females to their male partners by up to 60% has led to an increase in circumcisions in most African countries. This has created anxieties around possible deleterious effects of circumcision on erectile function (EF).

Aim: To compare EF in circumcised and uncircumcised men aged 18 years and older.

Setting: Four primary healthcare facilities in Lusaka, Zambia.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional survey 478 participants (242 circumcised and 236 uncircumcised) from four primary healthcare facilities in Lusaka, Zambia were asked to complete the IIEF-5 questionnaire. EF scores were calculated for the two groups, where normal EF constituted an IIEF-5 score ≥ 22 (out of 25).

Results: Circumcised men had higher average EF scores compared to their uncircumcised counterparts, (p < 0.001). The prevalence of erectile dysfunction was lower in circumcisedmen (56%) compared to uncircumcised men (68%) (p < 0.05). EF scores were similar in thosecircumcised in childhood and those who had the procedure in adulthood, (p = 0.59). The groups did not differ significantly in terms of age, relationship status, smoking, alcohol and medication use. A statistically significant difference was observed in education levels, with the circumcision group having higher levels of education (p < 0.005).

Conclusion: The higher EF scores in circumcised men show that circumcision does not confer adverse EF effects in men. These results suggest that circumcision can be considered safe interms of EF. A definitive prospective study is needed to confirm these findings.

Full Text:  |  HTML  |  EPUB  |  XML  |  PDF (481KB)

Author affiliations

Evans Chinkoyo, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa and Chipata Level 1 Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia
Michael Pather, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa


Circumcision; Erectile function; Erectile Dysfunction; Cross-sectional study; IIEF-5.


Total abstract views: 2223
Total article views: 4391  


1. Medical Male Circumcision Is Associated With Improvements in Pain During Intercourse and Sexual Satisfaction in Kenya
Monica P.C. Nordstrom, Nelli Westercamp, Walter Jaoko, Timothy Okeyo, Robert C. Bailey
The Journal of Sexual Medicine  vol: 14  issue: 4  first page: 601  year: 2017  
doi: 10.1016/j.jsxm.2017.02.014

Comments on this article

Before posting your comment, please read our policy.
Post a Comment (Login required)

ISSN: 2071-2928 (print) | ISSN: 2071-2936 (online)

Connect on: Facebook, Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn and YouTube

Subscribe to our newsletter

All articles published in this journal are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, unless otherwise stated.

Website design & content: ©2017 AOSIS (Pty) Ltd. All rights reserved. No unauthorised duplication allowed.

AOSIS Publishing | Empowering Africa through access to knowledge
Postnet Suite #110, Private Bag X19, Durbanville, South Africa, 7551
Tel: 086 1000 381 
Tel: +27 21 975 2602 
Fax: 086 5004 974

publishing(AT) replace (AT) with @

Please read the privacy statement.